Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2013
|Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies||
3. Significant Accounting Policies
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
There are no new accounting pronouncements issued or effective during the first quarter of 2013 that have had or are expected to have an impact on the Company’s financial statements.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The principal areas of estimation reflected in the financial statements are stock based compensation, valuation of warrants, inventory obsolescence reserve, sales returns and allowances and the allowance for doubtful accounts.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their carrying values due to their short-term nature.
Guaranteed Rights of Return
The Company has granted guaranteed rights of return to two dental distributors. The Company defers recognition of revenue on these accounts until the customer provides notification to the Company that the product has been sold to the end consumer. Once notification has been received and verified, the Company records revenue in that accounting period. The Company had $23,671 and $27,812 of revenue deferred under guaranteed rights of return arrangements included in deferred revenue in the balance sheets as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost, which includes material, labor and overhead, is determined on a first-in, first-out basis. On a quarterly basis, we analyze our inventory levels and reserve for inventory that is expected to expire prior to being sold, inventory that has a cost basis in excess of its expected net realizable value, inventory in excess of expected sales requirements, or inventory that fails to meet commercial sale specifications. Expired inventory is disposed of and the related costs are written off to the reserve for inventory obsolescence. The inventory reserve was approximately $178,000 and $253,000 as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
Stock-Based Payment Arrangements
Generally, all forms of stock-based payments, including stock option grants, warrants, and restricted stock grants are measured at their fair value on the awards’ grant date typically using a Black-Scholes pricing model. Stock-based compensation awards issued to non-employees for services rendered are recorded at the fair value of the stock-based payment. The expense resulting from stock-based payments are recorded in research and development expense or selling, general and administrative expense in the statement of operations, depending on the nature of the services provided. Stock-based payment expense is recorded over the requisite service period in which the grantee provides services to us, to the extent the stock option grants, warrants, or restricted stock grants do not vest at the grant date they are subject to forfeiture.
GAAP requires all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair values as of the grant date. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded over the requisite service period in which the grantee provides services to us, to the extent the options do not vest at the grant date and are subject to forfeiture.
The Company used the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model in calculating the relative fair value of any warrants that are issued.
Net Loss Per Share
During all periods presented, the Company had securities outstanding that could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future, but were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as their effect would have been antidilutive. Because the Company reported a net loss for all periods presented, shares associated with the stock options and warrants are not included because they are antidilutive. Basic and diluted net loss per share amounts are the same for the periods presented. Net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding.
The Company recognizes revenues from the sales of product when title and risk of loss pass to the customer, which is generally when the product is shipped. Grant revenues are recognized as the reimbursable expenses are incurred over the life of the related grant. Grant revenues are deferred when reimbursable expenses have not been incurred.
The Company records allowances for discounts and product returns at the time of sales as a reduction of revenues as such allowances can be reliably estimated based on historical experience or known trends. Product returns are limited to specific mass retail customers for expiration of shelf life or unsold product over a period of time. The Company maintains a return policy that allows customers to return product within a specified period of time prior to and subsequent to the expiration date of the product. The estimate of the provision for returns is analyzed quarterly and is based upon many factors, including industry data of product return rates, historical experience of actual returns, analysis of the level of inventory in the distribution channel, if any, and reorder rates. If the history or product returns changes, the reserve will be adjusted. While the Company believes that the reserves it has established are reasonable and appropriate based upon current facts and circumstances, applying different judgments to the same facts and circumstances would result in the estimated amounts for sales returns and chargebacks to vary. Because the ProBiora3 products have only recently been introduced, the Company could experience different circumstances in the future and these differences could be material.
The Company is dependent on key suppliers to provide probiotics, blending, warehousing and packaging of its EvoraPlus, EvoraKids, EvoraPro, and Teddy’s Pride products. The Company had four key suppliers during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. The majority of the Company’s cost of sales are from these key suppliers during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. Accounts payable and accrued expenses for these vendors totaled approximately $2,000 and $99,000 as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef