Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2017
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant Accounting Policies

3. Significant Accounting Policies

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued guidance on Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718) Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, to simplify the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Some of the areas for simplification apply only to nonpublic entities. The guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. This guidance has not had a material impact on its results of operations, financial position or disclosures.


There are no other accounting pronouncements issued or effective during the three or six months ended June 30, 2017 that have had, or are expected to have, an impact on our financial statements.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The principal areas of estimation reflected in the financial statements are anticipated milestone payments, stock based compensation, valuation of warrants, and income tax valuation allowance. Inventory obsolescence reserve, sales returns and allowances and the allowance for doubtful accounts were the principal areas of estimation that had been reflected in the financial statements related to discontinued operations.

Restricted Cash

The Company has cash that is restricted pursuant to the terms of the Note Purchase Agreement with Intrexon Corporation (“Intrexon”). Proceeds from the note are to be used to fund the Company’s AG013 research and clinical trials.

Stock-Based Payment Arrangements

Generally, all forms of stock-based payments, including stock option grants, warrants, and restricted stock grants are measured at their fair value on the awards’ grant date typically using a Black-Scholes pricing model. Stock-based compensation awards issued to non-employees for services rendered are recorded at the fair value of the stock-based payment. The expense resulting from stock-based payments are recorded in research and development expense or selling, general and administrative expense in the statement of operations, depending on the nature of the services provided. Stock-based payment expense is recorded over the requisite service period in which the grantee provides services to us. To the extent the stock option grants, warrants, or restricted stock grants do not vest at the grant date they are subject to forfeiture.

Stock-Based Compensation

US GAAP requires all stock-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair values as of the grant date. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded over the requisite service period in which the grantee provides services to us, to the extent the options do not vest at the grant date and are subject to forfeiture. For performance-based awards that do not include market-based conditions, we record share-based compensation expense only when the performance-based milestone is deemed probable of achievement. We utilize both quantitative and qualitative criteria to judge whether milestones are probable of achievement. For awards with market-based performance conditions, we recognize the grant-date fair value of the award over the derived service period regardless of whether the underlying performance condition is met.


The Company used the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model in calculating the relative fair value of any warrants that have been issued.

Derivative Liabilities

In accordance with ASC 480-10-25 Liabilities-Distinguishing from Equity, warrants are accounted for as liabilities at their fair value during periods where they can be net cash settled in case of a change in control transaction.

The warrants are accounted for as a liability at their fair value at each reporting period. The value of the derivative warrant liability will be re-measured at each reporting period with changes in fair value recorded as a change in the value of derivative liability. To derive an estimate of the fair value of these warrants, a Black Scholes Option Pricing Model is utilized.

Net Loss Per Share

During all periods presented, the Company had securities outstanding that could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future, but were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as their effect would have been antidilutive because the Company reported a net loss for all periods presented. Basic and diluted net loss per share amounts are the same for the periods presented. Net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding.

Revenue Recognition

During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, the Company sold its consumer probiotic business, from which it had historically generated revenues. As a result of this sale, the Company is no longer generating revenues.



In June of 2016, the Company sold its consumer probiotics business, as such the Company is no longer dependent on key suppliers to continue to operate the consumer probiotics business.

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash accounts in commercial banks, which may, at times, exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts. The Company believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents. As of June 30, 2017, the uninsured portion of this balance was $3,757,956. As of December 31, 2016, the uninsured portion of this balance was $3,830,618.

Reclassification of Prior Period Presentation

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the reported results of operations.