Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization And Significant Accounting Policies

Organization And Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2011
Organization And Significant Accounting Policies  
Organization And Significant Accounting Policies
1. Organization and Significant Accounting Policies

The Company

Oragenics, Inc. (formerly known as Oragen, Inc.) (the "Company" or "we") was incorporated in November 1996; however, operating activity did not commence until 1999. The Company is focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of a variety of technologies associated with oral health, broad spectrum antibiotics and other general health benefits.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 (audited) and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the interim period June 30, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2011 or any future period.

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2010, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2011. The Company expects to incur substantial expenditures to further develop each of its technologies and that it believes its working capital, together with access to the recently amended Credit Facility with the Koski Family Limited Partnership will be sufficient to meet the business objectives as presently structured through December 2011. Management recognizes that the Company must generate additional capital resources or consider modifications to its technology development plans to enable it to continue as a going concern. Management's plans include seeking financing, alliances or other partnership agreements with entities interested in the Company's technologies, or other business transactions that would generate sufficient resources to assure continuation of the Company's operations and research and development programs.

The Company intends to seek additional funding through sublicensing arrangements, joint venturing or partnering, sales of rights to technology, government grants and public or private financings. The Company's future success depends on its ability to raise capital and ultimately generate revenue and attain profitability. The Company cannot be certain that additional capital, whether through selling additional debt or equity securities or obtaining a line of credit or other loan, will be available to it or, if available, will be on terms acceptable to the Company. If the Company issues additional securities to raise funds, these securities may have rights, preferences, or privileges senior to those of its common stock, and the Company's current shareholders may experience dilution. If the Company is unable to obtain funds when needed or on acceptable terms, the Company may be required to curtail their current development programs, cut operating costs and forego future development and other opportunities. Without sufficient capital to fund their operations, the Company will be unable to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2011-02 A Creditor's Determination of Whether a Restructuring is a Troubled Debt Restructuring for the purpose of measuring the impairment of old receivables and evaluating whether a troubled debt restructuring has occurred. An entity should disclose the total amount of receivables and the allowances for credit losses as of the end of the period of adoption related to those receivables that are considered newly impaired under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Section 310-10-35 for which impairment was previously measured under ASC Subtopic 450-20, Contingencies – Loss Contingencies. The ASU is effective for the Company with the reporting period beginning July 1, 2011. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have an impact on the Company's financial statements or disclosures.


In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04 Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. The ASU expands ASC 820's existing disclosure requirements for fair value measurements and makes other amendments that could change how the fair value measurement guidance in ASC 820 is applied. The ASU is effective for the Company with the reporting period beginning January 1, 2012. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have an impact on the Company's financial statements or disclosures.

No other new accounting pronouncements issued or effective during 2011 have had or are expected to have an impact on the Company's financial statements

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenues from the sales of product when title and risk of loss pass to the customer, which is generally when the product is shipped. Grant revenues are recognized as the reimbursable expenses are incurred over the life of the related grant. Grant revenues are deferred when reimbursable expenses have not been incurred.

We record allowances for discounts and product returns at the time of sales as a reduction of revenues as such allowances can be reliably estimated based on historical experience or known trends. Product returns are limited to specific mass retail customers for expiration of shelf life or unsold product over a period of time. We maintain a return policy that allows our customers to return product within a specified period of time prior to and subsequent to the expiration date of the product. Our estimate of the provision for returns is analyzed quarterly and is based upon many factors, including industry data of product return rates, historical experience of actual returns, analysis of the level of inventory in the distribution channel, if any, and reorder rates. If the history or our product returns changes, the reserve will be adjusted. While we believe that the reserves we have established are reasonable and appropriate based upon current facts and circumstances, applying different judgments to the same facts and circumstances would result in the estimated amounts for sales returns and chargeback's to vary. Because our ProBiora3 products have only recently been introduced, we could experience different circumstances in the future and these differences could be material.

Reverse Stock Split

On September 24, 2010, the Company effected a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of all of our authorized, issued and outstanding shares of common stock (the "Reverse Stock Split") by filing Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Florida. The par value of our common stock remained unchanged. The number of shares and per share amounts included in the financial statements and the accompanying notes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the Reverse Stock Split. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to number of shares, per share amounts and earnings per share information contained in this report give effect to the Reverse Stock Split.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The principal areas of estimation reflected in the financial statements are stock based compensation, valuation of warrants, inventory obsolescence reserve, sales returns and allowances and allowance for doubtful accounts.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value of the Company's cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their carrying values due to their short-term nature. Convertible notes payable to shareholder are at prevailing interest rates.


Guaranteed Rights of Return

The Company has granted guaranteed rights of return on four mass retail and distributor customer accounts. The Company defers recognition of revenue on these accounts until the customer provides notification to the Company that the product has been sold to the end consumer. Once notification has been received and verified, the Company records revenue in that accounting period. The Company had $30,035 and $0 of revenue deferred under guaranteed rights of return arrangements included in deferred revenue in the balance sheets as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost, includes material, labor and overhead and is determined on a first-in, first-out basis. On a quarterly basis, management analyzes the inventory levels and reserve for inventory that is expected to expire prior to being sold, inventory that has a cost basis in excess of its expected net realizable value, inventory in excess of expected sales requirements, or inventory that fails to meet commercial sale specifications. Expired inventory is disposed of and the related costs are written off to the reserve for inventory obsolescence. The inventory reserve was $167,614 and $255,814 as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

Consigned Inventory

The Company has authorized a consignment inventory arrangement with one of its remaining mass retail customers. The Company has inventory on consignment located at the retailers' stores and warehouses of $53,409 and $64,999 that has been fully reserved against as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively as a result of our intent to withdraw from the mass retail market. Once consignment inventory has been sold by this customer, the customer notifies the Company of the sale and the Company records revenue for the sale in the accounting period in which it occurred. The Company authorizes the replenishment of consignment inventory based on orders placed by the customer. The Company is provided with weekly reports of consignment sales activity and balances.